Patient Education2018-04-05T16:28:18+00:00

Patient Education

What is Peripheral Vascular Disease?

Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) is arterial and/or venous disease in the arms or legs. PVD is a common but debilitating disorder that is caused by impaired blood flow. If left untreated PVD can result in severe leg pain, amputation, and even death.

35-50 million Americans have Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD).

Signs and Symptoms

  • Asymptomatic

  • Leg pain

  • Swelling

  • Skin changes

  • Ulcers/wounds

  • Numbness

  • Weakness

  • Hair loss on leg(s) or feet

Risk Factors

  • Age

  • Family History

  • Smoking

  • Diabetes

  • High Cholesterol

  • High Blood Pressure

  • Obesity

Prevention of Peripheral Vascular Disease

Steps to prevent peripheral vascular disease (PVD) are primarily aimed at management of the risk factors for PVD. A prevention program for PVD may include:

  • Smoking cessation, including avoidance of second hand smoke and use of tobacco products
  • Dietary modifications including reduced fat, cholesterol, and simple carbohydrates (such as sweets), and increased amounts of fruits and vegetables
  • Treatment of dyslipidemia (high blood cholesterol levels) with medications as determined by your physician
  • Weight reduction
  • Moderation in alcohol intake
  • Medications as determined by your physician to reduce your risk of blood clot formation
  • Exercise plan of a minimum of 30 minutes daily
  • Control of diabetes mellitus
  • Control of hypertension (high blood pressure)

A prevention plan for PVD may also be used to prevent or lessen the progress of PVD once it has been diagnosed. Consult your physician for diagnosis and treatment.